Structural adjustment and its impact on women

by Asad Sayeed

Publisher: Pakistan Institute of Labour Education & Research, Publisher: Sustainable Development Policy Institute in Karachi

Written in English
Published: Pages: 13 Downloads: 952
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Edition Notes

StatementAdad Sayeed.
SeriesWorking paper no -- 1
ContributionsPākistān Insṭiṭīyūṭ āf Lebar Ejūkeshan ainḍ Rīsarc., Sustainable Development Policy Institute.
The Physical Object
Pagination13 p. ;
Number of Pages13
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23160258M
LC Control Number2008344119

investigations is limited. This study tries to investigate the question of if Structural Adjustment Programs are the right means of fighting poverty. 2 Structural Adjustment Structural Adjustment Programs are programs which make it possible for countries to get a loan from the IMF or the World Bank. Structural Adjustment: Structural Adjustment Participatory Review International Network. SAPRIN is a global network established to expand and legitimize the role of civil society in economic policymaking and to strengthen the organized challenge to structural adjustment programs . The structural issues are more difficult to address because the material needs of the oppressed group (women) has to be met before they can be engaged in the broader political struggle. Women have been grossly affected by financial crises, structural adjustment programs and global re-structuring processes in the Global South. Structural Adjustment Participatory Review International.

  Structural Adjustment Programs Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) were prescribed for Africa beginning in the early s when it became apparent that there was a big economic crisis looming over Africa. There were concerns . Women, in particular, were affected negatively by processes of structural adjustment because they represent a disproportionate share of the world's poor, are increasingly represented among low-wage workers, and are forced to balance wage work with subsistence and domestic production in meeting household needs.   Structural adjustment policies were put in place, cutting spending and reducing government involvement in the nut industry and elsewhere. However, things got worse. At the same time rich countries, such as the US, were subsidizing their own nut (and other) industries, allowing them to gain in market share around the world.   Impact of the World Bank-supported Agricultural Development Project on rural women in Zambia / Monica Munachonga: Issues of political economy in formulating donor policy toward Sub-Saharan Africa / Robert Christiansen, Cheryl Christensen, and Beatrice Edwards: The political basis for agricultural policy reform / Robert Bates.

hanced Structural Adjustment Facilities (recently renamed Poverty Re-duction and Growth Facilities). The latter two kinds of operations are concessional for low-income countries. World Bank adjustment lending in-cludes structural adjustment loans, sectoral structural adjustment loans, IMF and World Bank Structural Adjustment Programs and.   A brief review of recent Nicaraguan political history and its impact on health care is presented. Interviews with midwives, nurses, and physicians are reported to illustrate the current health situation in Nicaragua. The effects of structural adjustment and foreign debt repayment on health in Nicaragua are discussed.   To assist African development, Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) provided “conditional lending” (Thomson, ) – conditional, in that governments receiving debt relief were obliged to adjust their economic general, ‘adjustment’ meant liberalising and privatising, although SAPs were wider in scope in that their developmental aims were highly political. Other studies indicate a close link between structural adjustments and increase in poverty in Ghana and its widespread consequent negative social impact. 12 In an in-depth analysis of the socio-cultural context of such programmes, Kanji et al. 13 argue, ‘SAPs serve to exacerbate inequalities and threaten to reverse the social gains of the.

Structural adjustment and its impact on women by Asad Sayeed Download PDF EPUB FB2

Macro and micro-economic policies and programmes, including structural adjustment, have not always been designed to take account of their impact on women and girl children, especially those living in poverty.

Poverty has increased in both absolute and relative terms, and the number of women living in poverty has increased in most regions. Get this from a library. Structural adjustment and its impact on women.

[Asad Sayeed; Pākistān Insṭiṭīyūṭ āf Lebar Ejūkeshan ainḍ Rīsarc.; Sustainable Development Policy Institute.]. (). The impact of structural adjustment policies on women's and children's health in Tanzania. Review of African Political Economy: Vol. 22, No. 63, pp. Cited by: Read the full-text online edition of Structural Adjustment and African Women Farmers ().

Full access to this book and o more; Over 14 million journal, magazine, and newspaper articles The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programs on Women and.

structural adjustment programme its impact on women in pakistan ms. mehreen qaisar Structural adjustment programmes: Structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) are economic policies for developing countries that have been promoted by the World Bank and International Monetary fund(IMF) since the s by the provision of loans conditional.

Generally, the impact of structural adjustment on women is hard to determine. Only a few of the instruments analysed in this paper had a direct determinable bearing on women.

These are, the removal of consumer subsidies, credit facilitation for agricultural production, tax adjustment and producer subsidies.,Canadian Agency for International. Effects of structural adjustment on women and the poor by Dzodzi Tsikata ECONOMIC policy and development issues, particularly Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) have dominated African women's concerns because they have been implicated in the rise of poverty, especially of women.

great impact on women's li ves as they struggled to balance their priorities for the survival of. have been an integral component of structural adjustment policies, yet scant attention has.

During adjustment in Cote d'Ivoire in the s, fewer women were completing secondary school than before. Although the international financial institutions dispute some of these findings on grounds of the reliability of research methodology, there is a consensus that women are in the majority of those suffering the adverse social conditions.

The Beginning: Obtaining a Structural Adjustment Loan The structural adjustment program is essentially a conditional loan. The country in need (the borrower) approaches the IMF and World Bank (the lenders) for a loan. The lender services the Structural adjustment and its impact on women book based on the assumption that certain fiscal policies will take place within the borrow-country.

Structural Adjustment Policies: A Feminist Critique by Hillary Campbell Introduction "It is clear that it is women who, as workers, producers, consumers, wives, and mothers, are the shock absorbers of adjustment efforts at immense cost to their well being" (Sadisavam).

Although women have many roles to play in the eco­. Alper Karademir, "The Effects of Structural Adjustment Programs on Women in Developing Countries," Proceedings of International Academic ConferencesInternational Institute of Social and Economic : RePEc:sek:iacpro This study examines the impact of structural adjustment policy (SAP) on the welfare of Zimbabweans, particularly women and children and draws some parallels with economic policy in the US and its effect on social welfare programs and the poor.

The paper argues that economic structural adjustment programs (ESAPs), introduced by the World Bank. Structural adjustment Structural adjustments are the policies implemented by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (the Bretton Woods Institutions) in developing countries.

These policy changes are conditions for getting new loans from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank, or for obtaining lower interest rates on existing loans.

Structural adjustment in Zimbabwe: Its impact on women. Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies. 37p. Series/Report no.: Consultancy Reports; Abstract: The Government of Zimbabwe has neither fully implemented structural adjustment nor has it clearly stated its position regarding the use of structural adjustment in its management of the.

Structural adjustment affects health through multiple pathways. • Article presents a novel conceptual framework to map effects and guide analyses. • Evidence from health effects of structural adjustment in Greece verify framework's utility.

• Framework can guide ex ante health impact assessments of structural adjustment programs. India's New Economic Policy of and its Impact on Women's Poverty and AIDS. Ushma D. Upadhyay. Pages Published online: 02 Dec The New Economic Policy of included standard structural adjustment measures including the devaluation of the rupee, increase in interest rates, reduction in public investment and expenditure.

Structural Adjustment Programmes: over-emphasize the restoration of balance of payments instead of adopting a more just and equitable approach to resolving the debt crisis; undermine the state's sovereignty and limit its role for socio-economic intervention through a fixation on deregulation, privatization and dismantling of the state in the.

'The Impact of Structural Adjustment on Women: Concepts and Issues', in B. Onimode (ed.), The IMF, the World Bank and the African Debt, Vol. II, The Social and Political Impact, pp.

London: Zed Books. Google Scholar —. Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) started in it was welcomed by the new political leader, it is when Ali Hassan Mwinyi was a president after 24 years of the rule of Mwl Julius K Nyerere the new Government adopted a three year ERP (//90, the main objective of ERP was to increase growth rate per capital income, a Gross.

Structural Adjustment Programs. Throughout the s and s the U.S. has been a principal force in imposing Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) on most countries of the South. By Jason Oringer, Carol Welch, April 1,   Critics argue that the burden of structural adjustments falls most heavily on women, children, and other vulnerable groups.

Critics also portray conditional loans as a tool of neocolonialism. ined in terms of its impact on two aspects of a six-dimension framework of women™s status adopted from Janet Giele (Giele,3Œ31). The author has analyzed the impact of structural adjustment on the other dimensions of Giele™s model in another study.

Discover the best Structural Adjustment books and audiobooks. Learn from Structural Adjustment experts like Jacob W. Chikuhwa and UChicagoPress. Read Structural Adjustment books like Zimbabwe:The End of the First Republic and Reform, Recovery, and Growth with a free trial.

Often structural adjustment has led to spending cuts on important welfare services such as education and health care. Structural adjustment has often been perceived as widening inequality. There is no reason spending cuts have to fall on the poorest sections of society.

Spending cuts could be focused on military spending. Structural adjustment - as measured by the number of adjustment loans from the IMF, and the World Bank - reduces the growth elasticity of poverty reduction. The author finds no evidence for structural adjustment having a direct effect on growth.

Structural adjustment programs (SAPs) consist of loans (structural adjustment loans; SALs) provided by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) to countries that experienced economic crises.

The purpose is to adjust the country's economic structure, improve international competitiveness, and restore its balance of payments. Structural adjustment programmes of international financial institutions have typically set the fiscal parameters within which health policies operate in developing countries.

Yet, we currently lack a systematic understanding of the ways in which these programmes impact upon child and maternal health. The present article systematically reviews observational and quasi-experimental articles. Since Zambia embarked on its structural adjustment program in latemuch has been accomplished.

The economy has been liberalized, and the macroeconomic situation has improved considerably. Nonetheless, much remains to be done. Globalisation and its Impact on Women: A Critical Assessment Wednesday 13 Mayby Bharti Chhibber Globalisation is a process of increasing interdependence, interconnectedness and integration of economies and societies to such an extent that an event in one part of the globe affects people in other parts of world.

THE IMPACT OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMMES (SAPs) ON EDUCATION IN KENYA ISAAC. W. MUASYA UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI SCHOOL OF EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS, P.O. BOX 30l97 NAIROBI, KENYA Abstract Since the s, Kenya has had to undertake macroeconomic adjustment programs under the supervision of the .Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books.

My library.Abstract. The Economic Structural Adjustment Program (ESAP) that the Government of Zimbabwe introduced in January is typical of those formulated and sponsored by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank in many other developing countries over the last ten years.